What Is Upstream And Downstream Flow


Hi Rajiv, Stream is determined by the flow of material. br) Adjunct Professor, Insper - Institute of Education and Research, São Paulo-SP, Brazil. With respect to distribution switches, the flow of packets to core switches is upstream traffic while the flow to access switches is downstream traffic. Upstream and Downstream Water Technologies Source: Aquatech International Corporation With a proven track record of technology leadership and performance excellence in desalination, water reuse, wastewater treatment and zero liquid discharge, Aquatech supplies cutting edge, sustainable water purification systems and technologies to solve the. This includes all types of outgoing data, such as sending an e-mail. However, several rivers flow from south to north because the source is in the higher elevation in the south. Vortex Flow Meters Vortex flow meters like a fully developed flow profile and typically require long straight upstream piping runs. Geographically, downstream is typically south in the northern. On the other hand, if you want to get to point C which is upstream, you are going to have to swim against the current. Martins ([email protected] The aim of this article is to determine how human interventions in upstream countries coupled with drought events are affecting the flow regime of downstream countries using the Nile River basin for illustrative purposes. Flow Device Upstream or Downstream of Control Valve Often when you prepare a P&ID, a question is raised by my young engineers where to place any flow orifice or any other flow measuring device when there is a control valve in the system. I've always thought of upstream and downstream along the lines of an actual stream, where the flow of information is like water. The first one is the effect of upstream ejection on flow field, the second one is the effect of upstream ejection on heat transfer, and the influence of turbulence intensity. It means that the Monitor's USB ports are not directly connected to the computer's mother board. Like companies that operate in the upstream segment, the volatility of oil and gas prices can have a significant impact on the profitability of downstream. Downstream Pipe Slope. On the other hand, if you want to. Abstract: A simple intersection is analyzed for vehicle behavior in both upstream and downstream directions by applying shock wave theory. 1 Upstream and Downstream relationships: what does it differ in operational performance? Guilherme S. Upstream traffic refers to data that is sent from a computer or network. Don't be bamboozled looking at that statement. These requirements vary quite considerably according to the upstream (and downstream) disturbances and the beta ratio. charles liked this post. And when you choose upstream, it never works for you. The data flow from the network to the user is called upstream. D is refer to "Pipe Diameter". Although there are many studies of individual aspects of these processes in the Himalayan region, studies along the length of the basins are limited. It comes from uphill (upstream) and flow downhill (downstream). In reduced straight run installations, the meter may not meet accuracy specifications. The concept of "upstream and downstream" in accounts payable is borrowed from production, where upstream and downstream are defined as follows: Upstream Processes cover all activities required to collect the raw materials needed for production. The git set-upstream allows you to set the default remote. My Dell 1704FP digital flat panel has two "downstream USB" ports on the left side. the underlying system that services the request). There are individual challenges associated with the development of both pieces of the process, with upstream focused on producing quality product, and downstream on purifying it. Watch the short 'Upstream vs Downstream' video below to learn more about how upstream and downstream segments of the oil and gas industry work together: If playback doesn't begin shortly, try restarting your device. CO2, H2S) and. It contrasts upstream SCM, which involves coordinating buying activities with suppliers. Orifice meter runs require straight runs upstream and dowstream so that flow passing through it is laminar flow instead of turbulent flow. The L, in this instance, stands for "Lawrence". Upstream traffic refers to data that is sent from a computer or network. ---- Religion-Outside-The-Box empowers adults to nourish their spiritual hunger. Aug 12, 2016 · This answer is obviously wrong. With respect to distribution switches, the flow of packets to core switches is upstream traffic while the flow to access switches is downstream traffic. TOP OF DAM:. Can any one of you let me know whats exacty the term Upstream & Downstream meant in Informatica. The petroleum industry is usually divided into three major components: Upstream, midstream and downstream, though midstream operations are usually included in the downstream category. A stream's temperature is important for assessing aquatic habitats. Upstream vs Downstream Marketing: An Analogy. What Is The Depth Of Water At Each Section (upstream And Downstream) Compared To Critical Depth? Not That A Hydraulic Jump Can Occur In The Folowing Situations: Flow Under A Sluice Gate, A Change In Slope From Very Steep To Mild,. When you go against the current. The velocity at which the fluid approaches a body is called upstream velocity. To better understand the effect of upstream coolant ejection on downstream film cooling effectiveness, the discussion can be divided into three parts. The words upstream (before) and downstream (after) are based on the flow direction. I've always thought of upstream and downstream along the lines of an actual stream, where the flow of information is like water. Additional Complicating Factors. Let me explain a bit more to clear your doubt. Learn more. Dependencies are upstream. 4) Downstream: In water, the direction along the stream is known as downstream. When a fluid (whether liquid or gaseous) passes through the orifice, its pressure builds up slightly upstream of the orifice: 85-86 but as the fluid is forced to converge to pass through the hole, the velocity increases and the fluid pressure decreases. D is refer to "Pipe Diameter". The way each flood is caused is completely different. Verified Answer: RE: What is "Upstream" and "Downstream" in ADRadioNet by NagarjunaG. Upstream bioprocessing Therapeutic cell manufacturing processes can be separated into upstream processes and downstream processes. Hi Rajiv, Stream is determined by the flow of material. The other type of pressure regulator valve is the one that maintain upstream pressure. It is easy to identify upstream and downstream of an RNA strand. Stream temperature is one of the water quality parameters that we measure. 5 for the full range of anticipated flows for 30 H a uptream of the flume; Flow should be tranquil (fully developed flow in a long, straight, moderately smooth channel). Immediately distal or downstream from the stenosis, turbulent flow is punctuated by the presence of a high-velocity jet extending some distance downstream from the stenosis. This includes sourcing of raw materials. So here comes my question: Why there is a distinction between the upstream and downstream if the data can flow in both directions? If I connect my printer & scanner to my PC, I can print a document using the printer from my PC (so data flows from PC to printer) but then I can scan a document on my printer and save it on PC (data flow from. Installation Requirements for Venturi Flowmeters: 1) 10-20 diameters in length of straight pipe upstream of the Venturi. ---- Religion-Outside-The-Box empowers adults to nourish their spiritual hunger. a company all along can not bear that expanse so it involves big join ventures and in this if you notice then. [Show full abstract] estimating the phase difference between the downstream flow and the upstream wave, and by imposing the phase‐locking condition at the nozzle lip, it is found that the phase. Use Trace Downstream to determine the downstream flow paths from specified locations. Most of the time, downstream straight length required is 5 times Diameter of the pipe. 1 Upstream and Downstream relationships: what does it differ in operational performance? Guilherme S. Re: pipe upstream/downstream aah i see what you are after, sorry do not have a good suggestion for you. the pipe flow direction under properties or change flow direction does not seem to reverse the start and end. The first time I heard the phrase, "Politics is downstream from culture", I had no idea what it meant. For example: if a fluid flows from a distillation column to a tank, we can say "the tank is downstream the column" or "the column is upstream the tank". Code can flow upstream or downstream. Learn the particular stops along the way where the terms are used to know what they refer to and the activities that take place at these stops. to row 12 km upstream ⇒ speed of u/s = 36 km/hr. Upstream processing includes formulation of the fermentation medium, sterilisation of air, fermentation medium and the fermenter, inoculum preparation and inoculation of the medium. Upstream and downstream refers to the supply chain of an industry. The ineffective flow areas are used to represent the correct amount of active flow area just downstream of the culvert. Two pipe diameters (downstream) C. Other tools may be useful in solving similar but slightly different problems. Don't be bamboozled looking at that statement. Upstream vs. Like companies that operate in the upstream segment, the volatility of oil and gas prices can have a significant impact on the profitability of downstream. an HTTP request) and downstream is where it goes (e. In the flow documentation they mentioned an upstream and a downstream flows:. Upstream primitive materials and hardware, coupled with downstream request examination is likewise completed. Upstream straight length requirement varies based on type of components immediately upstream of the orifice meter. It means that the Monitor's USB ports are not directly connected to the computer's mother board. At the very least, the sub-circuit is low or zero-flow at the moments when the pressure reducing valve is actually needed, such as when the clamping cylinder is busy holding material in place. These are the boundary conditions you must add to the upstream and downstream ends of each reach (or 2D flow area). The first one is the effect of upstream ejection on flow field, the second one is the effect of upstream ejection on heat transfer, and the influence of turbulence intensity. The Upstream and Downstream Process in Accounts Payable The concept of "upstream and downstream" in accounts payable is borrowed from production, where upstream and downstream are defined as follows: Upstream Processes cover all activities required to collect the raw materials needed for production. downriver adjective. Upstream transmissions can take several forms, and the speed at which the data is transferred from the local machine to a server is known as the upstream rate. If the data between the two sensors becomes more similar, the vehicle's computer may trigger a catalyst. I've always thought of upstream and downstream along the lines of an actual stream, where the flow of information is like water. The upstream application process is directed toward the upper 5' end of the DNA or RNA strand. This sector is also known as the exploration and production or E&P sector. I have included my upstream and downstream below. In the reference of time/history, it can be unclear, because upstream in time means downstream in history, and vice-versa. It's not unusual to hear people involved in production make frequent reference to "upstream" and "downstream" parts of the process. downstream side of the dam to the highest part of the dam which would impound water. Many aquatic species need a specific range of temperature in order to live. drop across orifice and some temp, drop across. The Global Medical Flow Sensors market improvement patterns and marketing channels are. 2 Straight Pipe Run Requirements The integral orifice element with threaded connections must have a length of straight unrestricted pipe on the upstream and downstream side of the orifice inside the element. Unfortunately, poor upstream flow conditons can cause large flow measurement errors. 2) 5 diameters in length of straight pipe downstream of the Venturi. Downstream operations can include refining crude oil and distributing. Learn more. Immediately distal or downstream from the stenosis, turbulent flow is punctuated by the presence of a high-velocity jet extending some distance downstream from the stenosis. Whereas, from core level switches to access switches, the flow of packets is downstream traffic. An upstream transmission can be in the form of a signal being transmitted from a workstation to a server across a network, such as a LAN, or a signal being sent from a customer to a cable service provider. ArcGIS Pro analysis tools. Upstream definition is - in the direction opposite to the flow of a stream. The upstream pressure is the pressure in a pipe or duct on the inlet side of a piece of mechanical equipment, and the downstream pressure is the pressure in the outlet pipe or duct. You have a cable connected to the motherboard via the monitor's built in hub. , for each foot distance from the cross-section to the structure, go one foot over from the edge of the structure. Downstream: Going with the flow of the river. Upstream bioprocessing Therapeutic cell manufacturing processes can be separated into upstream processes and downstream processes. Long straight-pipe lengths can be avoided through the use of flow-straightening devices and flow conditioners. UPSTREAM: This refers to anything having to do with the exploration and production of oil and natural gas. F - "The Glen" If you hold up your hands in front of you, palms out and thumbs extended, your left hand will make an L shape. Question: Define Flow At A Hydraulic Jump (upstream And Downstream) In Terms Of The Types Of Flow And Corresponding Froude Number. It covers all activities related to searching for, recovering, and producing crude oil and/or natural gas from underground or underwater fields. This includes all types of outgoing data, such as sending an e-mail. × COVID-19 Coronavirus Information - Travel, health & safety precautions for MKS employees & partners. Learn more. The specific case I'm thinking of is a flow meter with ten diameters of straight pipe upstream, with the upstream end of that pipe (the inlet) open to atmosphere. Measuring stream temperature is measuring the amount of heat energy that the water contains. [Show full abstract] estimating the phase difference between the downstream flow and the upstream wave, and by imposing the phase‐locking condition at the nozzle lip, it is found that the phase. Unlike a steady flow analysis, you can add internal as well as external boundary conditions to an unsteady flow model. In the flow documentation they mentioned an upstream and a downstream flows:. By definition, no river flows upstream because upstream means going in the opposite direction of the river's current. Upstream processing involves all the steps related with inoculum development: Media Preparation, Cell Culture and Cell Separation & Harvest. Downstream operations can include refining crude oil and distributing. The flow is supercritical and controlled upstream. Use Trace Downstream to determine the downstream flow paths from specified locations. Can any one of you let me know whats exacty the term Upstream & Downstream meant in Informatica. Answer: The speed of the motorboat in still water or ‘b’ = 15 km/hr. With respect to distribution switches, the flow of packets to core switches is upstream traffic while the flow to access switches is downstream traffic. The general rule of thumb for straight piping is a five-diameter length of piping upstream and three diameters downstream from the meter (measured from the center of the tube). The git set-upstream allows you to set the default remote. Upstream Floods are caused by intense rainfall of short duration over a relatively small area. In forecasting, reference to upstream and downstream is important when describing the wind flow associated with the jet stream or explaining the trajectory of air along a trough or ridge. What Is The Depth Of Water At Each Section (upstream And Downstream) Compared To Critical Depth? Not That A Hydraulic Jump Can Occur In The Folowing Situations: Flow Under A Sluice Gate, A Change In Slope From Very Steep To Mild,. 25% AR if calibrated. and 'downstream' is converting these resources into the fuels and finished products we all depend on. , no discontinuity in the properties of the gas at ) when the upstream Mach number is exactly unity. Upstream processing includes formulation of the fermentation medium, sterilisation of air, fermentation medium and the fermenter, inoculum preparation and inoculation of the medium. There are two methods to establish the swirl-free conditions, by putting a certain straight run pipe length and by using an additional flow straightener or flow conditioner to reduce the straight run. The flow of packets from the access switches to the distribution and core switches is upstream. On the other hand, if you want to get to point C which is upstream, you are going to have to swim against the current. Before you can fill your car with gas, or cash that royalties check, the oil and gas reserves need to be located. Upstream – More mild detergents can be injected before the pump to add to the effectiveness of the clean. E - Nowstream. Upstream and Downstream Thoughts April 18, 2017 August 18, 2009 by admin One of my favorite discs from Abraham-Hicks is a disc that is accompanied by their book entitled "The Astonishing Power of Emotions" This disk is an excerpt from a Hicks seminar and the explanation and analogy of the information was greatly beneficial to me. This includes all types of outgoing data, such as sending an e-mail message or uploading a file. Downstream; Upstream sector. For an embankment dam the junction of the upstream face with ground surface is called the upstream toe. Water in rivers flows downhill. Orifice meter runs require straight runs upstream and dowstream so that flow passing through it is laminar flow instead of turbulent flow. Taylor K, Guerin P. The key to remembering upstream and downstream when talking about flow is to think about another flowing object—a river!. downriver adjective. Strategies to slow the flow. Longer upstream straight pipe lengths provide better accuracy. In a traditional supply chain, manufacturers buy materials or components and make goods. Any industrial fermentation operation can be broken down into t hree main stages, viz, upstream processing, the fermentation process and downstream processing. What Is The Depth Of Water At Each Section (upstream And Downstream) Compared To Critical Depth? Not That A Hydraulic Jump Can Occur In The Folowing Situations: Flow Under A Sluice Gate, A Change In Slope From Very Steep To Mild,. Does it refers to the data flow in a mapping pipeline ? Example : In Informatica help files, I can see the below message "You cannot use a Sequence Generator or Update Strategy transformation upstream from a Union transformation". 3) Upstream: In water, the direction against the stream is known as upstream. Map Viewer analysis tools. Packagers are usually responsible for fixing minor issues along the way by patches. Still water: It implies that the speed of water is zero (generally, in a lake). I have included my upstream and downstream below. Abstract: A simple intersection is analyzed for vehicle behavior in both upstream and downstream directions by applying shock wave theory. Now we have that the speed of the boat upstream: the speed of the boat downstream = 2:1. In the following section, we will develop formulas and. Upstream traffic refers to data that is sent from a computer or network. Unfortunately, poor upstream flow conditons can cause large flow measurement errors. The difference between upstream and downstream in a river is how the water flows. The terms upstream and downstream refer to the flow of data (aka code). In this paper, we develop a model of production and consumption that incorporates life-cycle environmental externalities—specifically, an upstream manufacturing byproduct, air or water pollution from manufacturing, and downstream solid waste disposal. In other words, there is no shock (i. Upstream processing involves all the steps related with inoculum development: Media Preparation, Cell Culture and Cell Separation & Harvest. The ASME standard assumes a stable flow, and flow regime in a range of. So here comes my question: Why there is a distinction between the upstream and downstream if the data can flow in both directions? If I connect my printer & scanner to my PC, I can print a document using the printer from my PC (so data flows from PC to printer) but then I can scan a document on my printer and save it on PC (data flow from. (adjective) When a piece of driftwood is moving left and the current of the water is moving left, this is an example of a time when the driftwood. In forecasting, reference to upstream and downstream is important when describing the wind flow associated with the jet stream or explaining the trajectory of air along a trough or ridge. So here comes my question: Why there is a distinction between the upstream and downstream if the data can flow in both directions? If I connect my printer & scanner to my PC, I can print a document using the printer from my PC (so data flows from PC to printer) but then I can scan a document on my printer and save it on PC (data flow from. Downstream Pipe Slope. Re: pipe upstream/downstream aah i see what you are after, sorry do not have a good suggestion for you. 5D both upstream and downstream for type TF-1150,A1250,A1251, A1551,A2251. It comes from uphill (upstream) and flow downhill (downstream). My Dell 1704FP digital flat panel has two "downstream USB" ports on the left side. In the analogy, a person witnesses a fast flowing and dangerous stream with lots of people in it, many struggling or drowning. As a noun flow is a movement in people or things with a particular way in large numbers or amounts. Water, being generally affected. There are two main questions: on the downstream motion and on the upstream motion. Likewise, the term downriver (or downstream) describes the direction towards the mouth of the river, in which the current flows. The current will carry you to point B. If a lift cylinder is completely overloaded, the relief valve will be passing all of the pump’s flow to tank. Map Viewer analysis tools. Dependencies are upstream. Upstream/downstream is the directional term describing the flow of data. Here is the step by step operating principle of this valve. Taylor K, Guerin P. Locating the control valve downstream of the flowmeter keeps its velocity profile distortion downstream—far from the flowmeter—so it does not affect the flow measurement. This study summarizes the present state of knowledge about linkages in hydrological processes between upstream and. I've always thought of upstream and downstream along the lines of an actual stream, where the flow of information is like water. This sensor measures the pollutants making it through the converter and out of the tailpipe. There are individual challenges associated with the development of both pieces of the process, with upstream focused on producing quality product, and downstream on purifying it. The upstream is sometimes known as the exploration and production (E&P) sector. The difference in pressure exists between the upstream & downstream sides of a restriction in a confined fluid stream, which related to the square of fluid velocity. MKS upstream flow control valves are proportioning control valves designed for precise control of gaseous flows upstream in the process. As a noun flow is a movement in people or things with a particular way in large numbers or amounts. Upstream is where the flow is. There is an extension cord between. On the other hand, if you want to get to point C which is upstream, you are going to have to swim against the current. A reduction in fluid pressure occurs when a fluid flows through a constricted section of pipe. Independent testing has. Verified Answer: RE: What is "Upstream" and "Downstream" in ADRadioNet by NagarjunaG. For an embankment dam the junction of the upstream face with ground surface is called the upstream toe. Property owners downstream of the reservoirs are pursuing compensation from the government for the taking of their property for public use. Explore other meanings. Taps are commonly located one pipe diameter upstream and 1/2 pipe diameter downstream from the inlet face. Code can flow upstream or downstream. Installation Requirements for Venturi Flowmeters: 1) 10-20 diameters in length of straight pipe upstream of the Venturi. F – “The Glen” If you hold up your hands in front of you, palms out and thumbs extended, your left hand will make an L shape. In other words, there is no shock (i. However, these terms are often confused and used opposite of their intended meaning. • Downstream, same as above but use 2:1. Long straight-pipe lengths can be avoided through the use of flow-straightening devices and flow conditioners. What are these for? The DO NOT appear to work as normal USB port, since I plugged a memory device into the port and it wasn't recognized (plus the "downstream," mentioned on the enclosed instruction sheet, seems to mean something different than a normal USB). So here comes my question: Why there is a distinction between the upstream and downstream if the data can flow in both directions? If I connect my printer & scanner to my PC, I can print a document using the printer from my PC (so data flows from PC to printer) but then I can scan a document on my printer and save it on PC (data flow from. downstream definition: The definition of downstream is in the same direction that the current of water flows. In the river-boat problems, we make some assumptions. The difference between upstream and downstream in a river is how the water flows. Likewise, the term downriver (or downstream) describes the direction towards the mouth of the river, in which the current flows. Learn the particular stops along the way where the terms are used to know what they refer to and the activities that take place at these stops. Here's an easy way to compare the differences between upstream and downstream marketing. The residents of the Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna basin do not have adequate instruments for transboundary water governance. Since there will be some pr. Also, time taken for u/s is 1/3 more than for d/s. Houston Reservoir Lawyers. Density Difference Upstream And Downstream For Orifice Flow Meter - posted in Student: hi, i got to look at some P&ID for orifice type flow meter (attached similar). TOE OF DAM: The junction of the downstream face of a dam with the natural ground surface. Minimum Distance For Flowmeter And Control Valve - posted in Industrial Professionals: Hi,I have query regarding upstream and downstream piping for control valve and orifice flow meter in my project. Rabbi Brian uses Upstream and Downstream to talk about getting to the source of problems. To prevent wave formation and water surface instability, the Froude number should not exceed 0. Downstream operations can include refining crude oil and distributing. Note that the “stream” defining what is upstream and what is downstream in this case is not the stream of data coming into the system through service A but rather the stream of data from the heart of the system down to the user-facing services.   However, these terms are often confused and used opposite of their intended meaning. • Main processing function is to separate the mixture of oil, gas, water, and other contaminants (i. Q α √ P; Where Q = Volume flow rate and P = Differential pressure between taps. Coriolis Oil & Gas Metering Recommended Practices for Upstream Allocation Best Practices Page 4 Thermowell Port Provides for use of a flow temperature reference The F-series sensor is a high performance sensor in the verification of the temperature measurement made by the sensor. Does it refers to the data flow in a mapping pipeline ? Example : In Informatica help files, I can see the below message "You cannot use a Sequence Generator or Update Strategy transformation upstream from a Union transformation". An upstream system is any system that sends data to the Collaboration Server system. Dependencies are upstream. I'm wonder what sort of obstructions could be tolerated at that inlet while still providing clean flow to the meter. I like to think of myself as tech savvy but this field of numbers takes me back to my airplane perform. The current will carry you to point B. The current will carry you to point B. When a fluid (whether liquid or gaseous) passes through the orifice, its pressure builds up slightly upstream of the orifice: 85-86 but as the fluid is forced to converge to pass through the hole, the velocity increases and the fluid pressure decreases. Before you can fill your car with gas, or cash that royalties check, the oil and gas reserves need to be located. Property owners downstream of the reservoirs are pursuing compensation from the government for the taking of their property for public use. So it is better if we use the parent/child terms in place of upstream/downstream in case of time/history. It covers all activities related to searching for, recovering, and producing crude oil and/or natural gas from underground or underwater fields. The terms "upstream" and "downstream" are frequently used in the stack testing industry to describe direction within a stack. The Upstream and Downstream Process in Accounts Payable. It goes either up (opposite to the direction of our boat) or down (in the same direction as the direction in which our boat travels). The petroleum industry is usually divided into three major components: Upstream, midstream and downstream, though midstream operations are usually included in the downstream category. D – Instream. This includes all types of outgoing data, such as sending an e-mail message or uploading a file. This differs greatly from downstream not only in theory and usage, but also in that upstream speeds are usually at a premium. In this sense, there are two directions: Upstream and downstream. By definition, downstream would mean after the blower, upstream would be before, opposite the direction of air flow in relation to the blower. It contrasts upstream SCM, which involves coordinating buying activities with suppliers. Upstream Floods are caused by intense rainfall of short duration over a relatively small area. Because the flow will begin to expand as it exits the culvert, the active flow area at cross section 2 is generally wider than the width of the culvert opening. Many aquatic species need a specific range of temperature in order to live. Full screen is unavailable. (moving) on a river or stream towards its origin: 2. A back pressure regulator will remain closed, preventing flow from entering the tank unless necessary to relieve spikes in upstream pressure. This category is commonly referred to as the exploration and production sector. Intermediate operators are applied to an upstream flow and return a downstream flow. The analogy of the river is used to describe how pre-existing social, cultural, financial, environmental and historical factors ultimately go on to influence health outcomes in a profound way. It is easy to identify upstream and downstream of an RNA strand. Summary - Upstream vs Downstream DNA. Whatever you plug into the extension cable is not directly connected to the outlet. With respect to distribution switches, the flow of packets to core switches is upstream traffic while the flow to access switches is downstream traffic. Orifice meter runs require straight runs upstream and dowstream so that flow passing through it is laminar flow instead of turbulent flow. The entire oil and gas energy value chain can be classified into upstream, midstream, and downstream oil and gas operations. Even if diversion channels still allow some water to escape the reservoir bed the amount of water flowing downstream is miniscule in comparison to natural levels. Downstream servers can see all available updates, but clients cannot install them until approved upstream. So upstream is where water/data comes from (e. $\begingroup$ Perhaps worth pointing out that there is a flow of information in a signalling pathway so at any point in this flow you can look upstream, to where the information came from, or downstream to where it is headed. This can be achieved through better integration of processes and data across the upstream value chain. Don't be bamboozled looking at that statement. Upstream questions are a subsection of the boat-stream or the boat-driver problems. A way to remember the difference between the terms is to remember the word downstairs. This includes all types of outgoing data, such as sending an e-mail message or uploading a file. Now let t 1 be the time taken for the downstream journey and t 2 be the time it takes for the upstream journey. Most of the time, downstream straight length required is 5 times Diameter of the pipe. Water that is diverted upstream means less water downstream, and the result is that upstream activities benefit at the expense of downstream activities. Pressure regulator valves maintain upstream pressure. The concept of Upstream and Downstream is associated with the flow of river, If you're swimming or driving a boat etc against the flow then it's upstream else downstream. The words upstream and downstream, in supply chain terms, mean steps in the chain that come before or after your position in the process. The only real thing to watch here is the upstream power levels, these need to be at least in the low to mid 30s dbmV and certainly less than 50 otherwise your Hub. E – Nowstream. When contrasting this to networks, a. These directions are. Recommendation for Flow Controlling Valves Upstream or Downstream Pipe Size Upstream Downstream < 6 inches [150 mm] 20 x Pipe ID 10 x Pipe ID ≥ 6 inches [150 mm] 15 x Pipe ID 5 x Pipe ID with Vortab flow conditioner 9 x Pipe ID 2 x Pipe ID Recommendation for Pipe Adaptor Upstream or Downstream Pipe Size Upstream Downstream. • Main processing function is to separate the mixture of oil, gas, water, and other contaminants (i. The upstream is a term used in fixed telecommunications to denote the data flow from the end-user into the network. Whereas, from core level switches to access switches, the flow of packets is downstream traffic. Q α √ P; Where Q = Volume flow rate and P = Differential pressure between taps. Whatever you plug into the extension cable is not directly connected to the outlet. When a fluid (whether liquid or gaseous) passes through the orifice, its pressure builds up slightly upstream of the orifice: 85-86 but as the fluid is forced to converge to pass through the hole, the velocity increases and the fluid pressure decreases. Longer upstream straight pipe lengths provide better accuracy. Then as per the given conditions, we have:. It is easier to put it in upstream of any type of control valve because of two simple reasons. As a verb flow is to move as a fluid from one position to another. upstream meaning: 1. Downstream is the flow of fluid towards the end point of a pipe you are considering while upstream is away from the the end point i. An orifice plate is a thin plate with a hole in it, which is usually placed in a pipe. The following is the flow. It goes either up (opposite to the direction of our boat) or down (in the same direction as the direction in which our boat travels). However, these terms are often confused and used opposite of their intended meaning. Questions on the relative speed of the river or the stream with respect to the boat and the speed of the boat with respect to the river bank are present in this section. The upstream industry finds and produces crude oil and natural gas. Upstream: Going against the flow of the river. Calculate the froude number and find out whether the flow is subcritical or supercritical→ Find out the specific energy upstream→Since q remains the same for upstream & downstream, the q curve will be common to both upstream & downstream →Draw the E-y sketch and approximately show the specific energies and depths upstream & downstream. You can liken it to an every day extension cable. 2) Still Water: The water which is not moving is known as still water. The current will carry you to point B. When a fluid (whether liquid or gaseous) passes through the orifice, its pressure builds up slightly upstream of the orifice: 85-86 but as the fluid is forced to converge to pass through the hole, the velocity increases and the fluid pressure decreases. Upstream and downstream - thesaurus. If you graph the flow in both pipes and examine the peaks you should see that CO-14 has a sharper peak with flow and lasts a shorter period of time, while CO-15 has a flatter peak and lasts longer. Geographically, downstream is typically south in the northern. I have included my upstream and downstream below. In this sense, there are two directions: Upstream and downstream. The entire oil and gas energy value chain can be classified into upstream, midstream, and downstream oil and gas operations. On the other hand, if you want to. Downstream is the direction of the water flow. For example in software development, when you use centralized revision control system (like SVN ), you always commit changes upstream, in decentralized VCS (such as Git ) there is no inherent/absolute "upstream" or "downstream" in the system, but you can choose how the. It comes from uphill (upstream) and flow downhill (downstream). Any industrial fermentation operation can be broken down into t hree main stages, viz, upstream processing, the fermentation process and downstream processing. this video will certainly clear your doubts in identifying the upstream and downstream of a flow. B – Downstream. downstream upstream adverb. Oil and gas companies are usually divided into one of three groups, upstream, downstream, and midstream. Upstream processing involves all the steps related with inoculum development: Media Preparation, Cell Culture and Cell Separation & Harvest. Upstream and downstream refers to the supply chain of an industry. The first link in the chain is upstream oil and gas production. Flow nozzle accuracy is typically 1% AR, with a potential for 0. These assumptions are more like axioms that we have for these problems. An upstream transmission can be in the form of a signal being transmitted from a workstation to a server across a network, such as a LAN, or a signal being sent from a customer to a cable service provider. Also, time taken for u/s is 1/3 more than for d/s. Related to downstream: upstream Cardiology The direction of blood flow, specifically in vessels flowing from the heart Molecular biology A position on a molecule of interest—e. The concept of “upstream and downstream” in accounts payable is borrowed from production, where upstream and downstream are defined as follows: Upstream Processes cover all activities required to collect the raw materials needed for production. Coriolis Oil & Gas Metering Recommended Practices for Upstream Allocation Best Practices Page 4 Thermowell Port Provides for use of a flow temperature reference The F-series sensor is a high performance sensor in the verification of the temperature measurement made by the sensor. Long straight-pipe lengths can be avoided through the use of flow-straightening devices and flow conditioners. Upstream and Downstream Thoughts April 18, 2017 August 18, 2009 by admin One of my favorite discs from Abraham-Hicks is a disc that is accompanied by their book entitled "The Astonishing Power of Emotions" This disk is an excerpt from a Hicks seminar and the explanation and analogy of the information was greatly beneficial to me. The current will carry you to point B. The desired flow profile can be achieved in a typical installation without flow conditioning using 25 to 40 pipe diameters of straight run piping before the flow element and about 4 or 5 pipe diameters downstream of the element. Upstream definition is - in the direction opposite to the flow of a stream. The terms "upstream" and "downstream" are frequently used in the stack testing industry to describe direction within a stack. The upstream process is defined as the entire process from early cell isolation and cultivation, to cell banking and culture expansion of the cells until final harvest (termination of the culture and collection of. To integrate your Collaboration Server system with upstream and downstream systems, you need to create data sources, define import, export, or report jobs, and create message queues. Upstream: In computer networks, upstream refers to sending data from the client or local computer to the server or remote host. Upstream, midstream, and downstream: The differences 1. If you are boating from Kingston to Toronto, for example, you are heading upstream. Therefore the upstream has a direct impact on the downstream. September 14, 2015 By Paul Heney Leave a Comment. Let's go fishing. The data from this sensor is compared to that of the upstream sensor. Learn the particular stops along the way where the terms are used to know what they refer to and the activities that take place at these stops. Downstream Temperature. Data will flow downstream naturally. The terms upstream and downstream refer to the flow of data (aka code). Specifically, the terms that are addressed are "upstream" and "downstream". So if we were to chuck some sort of dye upstream it would flow downstream and turn in to the dye's colour. The flow of packets from the access switches to the distribution and core switches is upstream. Taking an exert from the Abraham-Hicks material: The most common misunderstanding that prevents people from getting control of a situation and gaining their personal balance is the belief that I need to get to where I want to be. These are the boundary conditions you must add to the upstream and downstream ends of each reach (or 2D flow area). If the distance between the upstream and downstream monitoring stations is long, it is quite possible that there will be influx of water by lateral flow, as well. Use Trace Downstream to determine the downstream flow paths from specified locations. If you pipe diameter is 6 Inches. So upstream is where water/data comes from (e. Density Difference Upstream And Downstream For Orifice Flow Meter - posted in Student: hi, i got to look at some P&ID for orifice type flow meter (attached similar). Upstream Floods are caused by intense rainfall of short duration over a relatively small area. Use Trace Downstream to determine the downstream flow paths from specified locations. The key to remembering upstream and downstream when talking about flow is to think about another flowing object—a river!. Our Upstream and Downstream presentation template is useful to a range of clients with varied objectives because it is flexible in nature. Whatever you plug into the extension cable is not directly connected to the outlet. Local farmers living downstream are faced with limited water resources due to reduced water supply from upstream. For a given pressure drop (pressure upstream minus pressure downstream), the flow rate is proportional to the 4th power of radius, according to the Hagen-Poiseuille equation. A river or stream runs from the highest elevation to the lowest elevation i. The downstream process is pointed to the lower portion of the DNA or RNA strand which is 3' long. relating to an earlier stage in a process…. The requirements for downstream pipe slope are not as stringent as they are for upstream pipe slope. Upstream server; Return channel; In computer networking, upstream refers to the direction in which data can be transferred from the client to the server (uploading). Let me explain a bit more to clear your doubt. Here is the step by step operating principle of this valve. A back pressure regulator will remain closed, preventing flow from entering the tank unless necessary to relieve spikes in upstream pressure. going upward. Observing the lane flow upstream of a bottleneck gives the impression of a backward bending relationship, but this disappears at the bottleneck itself. Measuring stream temperature is measuring the amount of heat energy that the water contains. ∴ distance covered in d / s will be 1/3 more. Whereas, from core level switches to access switches, the flow of packets is downstream traffic. TOE OF DAM: The junction of the downstream face of a dam with the natural ground surface. When contrasting this to networks, a. free-surface effects that extend downstream from the source of the flow and upstream from the sink for the flow, or upstream and downstream from places where the channel geometry changes, like dams or bridge piers. The current will carry you to point B. You have a cable connected to the motherboard via the monitor's built in hub. To better understand the effect of upstream coolant ejection on downstream film cooling effectiveness, the discussion can be divided into three parts. ArcGIS Pro analysis tools. Taps are commonly located one pipe diameter upstream and 1/2 pipe diameter downstream from the inlet face. Let's take a quick look at these three oil and gas industry segments. This category is commonly referred to as the exploration and production sector. Given the terminology 'upstream' and 'downstream' it may help to make an analogy with a river. If the data between the two sensors becomes more similar, the vehicle's computer may trigger a catalyst. the underlying system that services the request). If you pipe diameter is 6 Inches. Upstream are the people directly responsible for the software code, not the packagers. In the river-boat problems, we make some assumptions. On the other hand, if you want to. going upward. The industry makes use of pipeline networks to transport crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas from one place to another. Magmeter In this case, there must be at least 5x the piping diameter in straight run upstream of the meter and 3x the piping diameter downstream. Installation Requirements for Venturi Flowmeters: 1) 10-20 diameters in length of straight pipe upstream of the Venturi. The aim of this article is to determine how human interventions in upstream countries coupled with drought events are affecting the flow regime of downstream countries using the Nile River basin for illustrative purposes. These terms are rarely used by most Internet users, but they are important to network administrators, who monitor the bandwidth usage of networks and individual systems. This is also referred to as the downstream toe. Similarly when we move downstream our speed gets added. , no discontinuity in the properties of the gas at ) when the upstream Mach number is exactly unity. However, one limitation of control valves in this approach is that unstable pressures in the upstream of downstream pressure piping can easily disrupt the flow rate, and PID loops are relatively slow at adjusting to these changes. On the other hand, if you want to get to point C which is upstream, you are going to have to swim against the current. against the direction of flow. Can any one of you let me know whats exacty the term Upstream & Downstream meant in Informatica. Upstream: In computer networks, upstream refers to sending data from the client or local computer to the server or remote host. Unfortunately, poor upstream flow conditons can cause large flow measurement errors. Thus, we conclude that the only type of normal shock that is consistent with the second law of thermodynamics is one in which the upstream flow is supersonic, and the downstream flow subsonic--that is, and. Therefore the upstream has a direct impact on the downstream. Upstream Floods are caused by intense rainfall of short duration over a relatively small area. Upstream Bonded Channels Again you have all four with no timeouts (I assume none because you haven't posted the values for channels 3 & 4) but I'm guessing that they're zero as well. Upstream primitive materials and hardware, coupled with downstream request examination is likewise completed. Now let t 1 be the time taken for the downstream journey and t 2 be the time it takes for the upstream journey. The flow is supercritical and controlled upstream.   However, these terms are often confused and used opposite of their intended meaning. Upstream Sector and Examples of Upstream Activities. In fluid dynamics, it means the same thing. Answer / saqib mushtaq. The key to remembering upstream and downstream when talking about flow is to think about another flowing object—a river!. 2) 5 diameters in length of straight pipe downstream of the Venturi. an HTTP request) and downstream is where it goes (e. , protein or DNA—that is 'beyond' or in front of a reference point; the term downstream differs according to the system involved. Whereas downstream speed is important to the average home user for purposes of downloading content, uploads are used mainly for web server. For example, if you're looking at a distribution plant then the manufacture would be downstream and the retailer would be upstream. (adjective) When a piece of driftwood is moving left and the current of the water is moving left, this is an example of a time when the driftwood. Upstream: In computer networks, upstream refers to sending data from the client or local computer to the server or remote host. Locating the control valve downstream of the flowmeter keeps its velocity profile distortion downstream—far from the flowmeter—so it does not affect the flow measurement. The set includes a range of pre-prepared slides that you can easily adapt to be as high level or as detailed as you'd like. Upstream questions are a subsection of the boat-stream or the boat-driver problems. 25% AR if calibrated. Water, being generally affected. Flowmeter manufacturers will recommend various lengths of straight pipe upstream and downstream of the flowmeter to attain a fully developed desirable flow profile. A: Yes, you can put the orifice plate downstream of the control valve, provided you have the upstream and downstream lengths available to give you a stable flow regime, where the turbulence caused by the tortuous flow thorough the control valve stabilizes into stable flow. The current will carry you to point B. The operating principle of this valve is same with the valves that maintain downstream pressure except the plug and the flow in that put inversely. The key to remembering upstream and downstream when talking about flow is to think about another flowing object—a river! The direction of travel from a source to an outlet is with the current, or downstream. charles liked this post. Map Viewer analysis tools. drop across orifice and some temp, drop across. TOE OF DAM: The junction of the downstream face of a dam with the natural ground surface. When contrasting this to networks,. Let me explain a bit more to clear your doubt. Therefore the upstream has a direct impact on the downstream. After figuring it out, and explaining it to a few Conservatives, they dismissed the concept. 3) Upstream: In water, the direction against the stream is known as upstream. It's not unusual to hear people involved in production make frequent reference to "upstream" and "downstream" parts of the process. Watch the short 'Upstream vs Downstream' video below to learn more about how upstream and downstream segments of the oil and gas industry work together: If playback doesn't begin shortly, try restarting your device. relating to an earlier stage in a process…. Geographically, downstream is typically south in the northern. This option relies on your upstream server (USS) being set to not download content until updates are approved. To prevent wave formation and water surface instability, the Froude number should not exceed 0. Upstream processing involves all the steps related with inoculum development: Media Preparation, Cell Culture and Cell Separation & Harvest. , for each foot distance from the cross-section to the structure, go one foot over from the edge of the structure. Now let t 1 be the time taken for the downstream journey and t 2 be the time it takes for the upstream journey. Minimum Distance For Flowmeter And Control Valve - posted in Industrial Professionals: Hi,I have query regarding upstream and downstream piping for control valve and orifice flow meter in my project. This can be achieved through better integration of processes and data across the upstream value chain. in the opposite direction to the way a river or stream flows. Accurate flow measurement requires, in part, proper upstream conditions. I have read that centrifugal pumps should only be throttled on the outlet side. These requirements vary quite considerably according to the upstream (and downstream) disturbances and the beta ratio. Observing the lane flow upstream of a bottleneck gives the impression of a backward bending relationship, but this disappears at the bottleneck itself. First, the shock wave and its variation are shown and important characteristics are indicated. The entire oil and gas energy value chain can be classified into upstream, midstream, and downstream oil and gas operations. The difference between upstream and downstream in a river is how the water flows. Upstream processing includes formulation of the fermentation medium, sterilisation of air, fermentation medium and the fermenter, inoculum preparation and inoculation of the medium. Unfortunately, poor upstream flow conditons can cause large flow measurement errors. Orifice meter runs require straight runs upstream and dowstream so that flow passing through it is laminar flow instead of turbulent flow. This ungoverned basin lies between two others that have a water sharing agreement through a treaty or river commission. When you go against the current. charles liked this post. The ineffective flow areas are used to represent the correct amount of active flow area just downstream of the culvert. When the cells have reached the desired density, they are harvested and moved to the downstream section of the bioprocess. D – Instream. Let ‘r’ be the speed of the flow of the river and ‘b’ be the speed of the boat in still water. ArcGIS Pro analysis tools. The aim of this article is to determine how human interventions in upstream countries coupled with drought events are affecting the flow regime of downstream countries using the Nile River basin for illustrative purposes. Houston Reservoir Lawyers. Upstream Floods are caused by intense rainfall of short duration over a relatively small area. Re: pipe upstream/downstream aah i see what you are after, sorry do not have a good suggestion for you. I've always thought of upstream and downstream along the lines of an actual stream, where the flow of information is like water. The difference between upstream and downstream in a river is how the water flows. A stream or a river can flow in one direction only. If the data between the two sensors becomes more similar, the vehicle's computer may trigger a catalyst. Ventury flow meter works on the principle of Ventury Effect. Then, the upstream vehicle queue and its dynamics, the flow rates of the upstream and the downstream are formulated respectively. Pressure control: Upstream and downstream. The manufacturing production process can be pictured like a river. However, the industry is usually divided into three major components: upstream, midstream and downstream. With a sufficient PSI for bond breaking, a washer with a higher GPM will take far less time to clean than a lower GPM. relating to an earlier stage in a process…. Don't be bamboozled looking at that statement. The analogy commonly used to explain upstream and downstream marketing, and how they work together, is that of the 'dangerous stream'. The desired flow profile can be achieved in a typical installation without flow conditioning using 25 to 40 pipe diameters of straight run piping before the flow element and about 4 or 5 pipe diameters downstream of the element. Observing the lane flow upstream of a bottleneck gives the impression of a backward bending relationship, but this disappears at the bottleneck itself. Upstream questions are a subsection of the boat-stream or the boat-driver problems. This is also referred to as the "flow rate". Still water: It implies that the speed of water is zero (generally, in a lake). This is mean that the pipe where Ultrasonic Flow Tx is installed must straight run 120 Inches on Upstream and 30 Inches on Downstream. E - Nowstream. free-surface effects that extend downstream from the source of the flow and upstream from the sink for the flow, or upstream and downstream from places where the channel geometry changes, like dams or bridge piers. Upstream transmissions can take several forms, and the speed at which the data is transferred from the local machine to a server is known as the upstream rate. The words upstream and downstream, in supply chain terms, mean steps in the chain that come before or after your position in the process. Pressure control: Upstream and downstream. to row 12 km upstream ⇒ speed of u/s = 36 km/hr. Reported flow rates will still be highly repeatable. This has been addressed by assessing climate change in the study area through analyses of precipitation data obtained from the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC. I see that they use pressure measurement upstream of flow meter and a temperature measurement downstream of flow meter for density correction for gases. The closer a service is to the user (or any other end-consumer), the farther downstream it is. Locating the control valve downstream of the flowmeter keeps its velocity profile distortion downstream—far from the flowmeter—so it does not affect the flow measurement. The GPM of the washer is critical to the time it takes to clean a surface, more volume allows you to quickly remove debris and dirt. A – Upstream. In the following section, we will develop formulas and. As a adverb upstream is. in the opposite direction to the way a river or stream flows. As a adjective upstream is in a direction against the flow of a current or stream; upriver. Define downstream. Therefore the upstream has a direct impact on the downstream. Upstream, midstream, and downstream: The differences 1. Ventury flow meter works on the principle of Ventury Effect. i worked for a while for the Indian arm of English Electric (later GEC, then GEC Alsthom, the Alstom, then GE+Areva etc) and i had the privilege of knowing intimately a master of HV fuses in Liverpool. Downstream traffic. Upstream processing involves all the steps related with inoculum development: Media Preparation, Cell Culture and Cell Separation & Harvest. The difference between upstream and downstream in a river is how the water flows. The required upstream and downstream straight pipe lengths are built into the element. If you jump into the water at point A you will float downstream to point B. B - Downstream. A river or stream runs from the highest elevation to the lowest elevation i. Even if diversion channels still allow some water to escape the reservoir bed the amount of water flowing downstream is miniscule in comparison to natural levels. In the reference of time/history, it can be unclear, because upstream in time means downstream in history, and vice-versa. Beside, "downstream" and "upstream" are often used in a metaphorical way. Aug 12, 2016 · This answer is obviously wrong. This is also referred to as the "flow rate". The aim of this article is to determine how human interventions in upstream countries coupled with drought events are affecting the flow regime of downstream countries using the Nile River basin for illustrative purposes. 4) Downstream: In water, the direction along the stream is known as downstream. And when you choose upstream, it never works for you. Upstream and Downstream is nothing but let us take an example , If a river is originated from the mountains and it flows towards same path of flow which it flows away from where river originates it is nothing but a source is called Downstream side. Local farmers living downstream are faced with limited water resources due to reduced water supply from upstream. When the cells have reached the desired density, they are harvested and moved to the downstream section of the bioprocess. Takes 20 min. The following is the flow. Then as per the given conditions, we have:. in the opposite direction to the way a river or stream flows. " —Abraham "Do not let some insignificant letdown point you upstream away from all that you desire. Most of the time, downstream straight length required is 5 times Diameter of the pipe. On the other hand, if you want to. The first link in the chain is upstream oil and gas production. Answer / saqib mushtaq. Full screen is unavailable. The analogy of the river is used to describe how pre-existing social, cultural, financial, environmental and historical factors ultimately go on to influence health outcomes in a profound way. Read on for an overview of each of the three sectors and how they contribute to the final petroleum product. Taking an exert from the Abraham-Hicks material: The most common misunderstanding that prevents people from getting control of a situation and gaining their personal balance is the belief that I need to get to where I want to be. Water, being generally affected. The ineffective flow areas are used to represent the correct amount of active flow area just downstream of the culvert. Therefore the upstream has a direct impact on the downstream. First, the shock wave and its variation are shown and important characteristics are indicated. Upstream transmissions can take several forms, and the speed at which the data is transferred from the local machine to a server is known as the upstream rate. So upstream is where water/data comes from (e. The upstream sector includes all activities that are further categorized either as exploration activities or production activities. Downstream supply chain management refers to coordinating the flow of information and goods with clients and customers. Orifice meter runs require straight runs upstream and dowstream so that flow passing through it is laminar flow instead of turbulent flow. Downstream Temperature. The requirements for downstream pipe slope are not as stringent as they are for upstream pipe slope. RE: seat upstream and seat downstream JLSeagull (Electrical) 9 Jul 07 13:26 Also, even if the process is designed for uni-directional flow, during maintenance many valves may have high-pressure on the downstream side with the upstream side at low-pressure. The velocity of the fluid relative to the body at which it approaches the body is called free-stream velocity. A stream or a river can flow in one direction only. Geographically, downstream is typically south in the northern. TOE OF DAM: The junction of the downstream face of a dam with the natural ground surface. I have yet to encounter an application where a control valve is legitimately required to be located upstream of the flowmeter. The terms upstream and downstream refer to the flow of data (aka code). Code can flow upstream or downstream. The flow is incompressible, two-dimensional, and steady. downstream definition: The definition of downstream is in the same direction that the current of water flows. It contrasts upstream SCM, which involves coordinating buying activities with suppliers. The terms upstream and downstream oil and gas production refer to an oil or gas company's location in the supply chain. Stream temperature is one of the water quality parameters that we measure. In general, downstream straight run requirements for turbine flow meters are around 5-10x the piping diameter. This happens mainly due to increased flow velocity because of reduced cross section. The Upstream and Downstream Process in Accounts Payable. Map Viewer analysis tools. Upstream and downstream reservoir claims are very different, but the experienced lawyers at Raizner Slania LLP are working with property owners on both types of cases. The Global Medical Flow Sensors market improvement patterns and marketing channels are. What is his speed in still water? Let the speed in still water = x km/hr. For example, if you're looking at a distribution plant then the manufacture would be downstream and the retailer would be upstream. cm5j0520zshfl, 8sbx2u2ygnwc45, 9vk9qpl6f4, fiz3wcyx26z22hg, mt030q2nfrc7evt, 3o4td0wbgtnbr, rilgxhkaix37l, qgftk0hn4uiq, 6j68ipbnsbi5ix, kiduq5kzdk3, l0bpumba96, ophbdo2z8r, dldzuma6yj, s8qfyzeux5t49x5, n2jo61a12zlj, pxszvfxxlqmendx, 0a2qu371o0, eyrmbv7dhwstwq, ciebuk910t82hq, 8bv2odcn4cwn, rujxcvy4ug, qm1le297k1, 4wkxxehpy79e, 2be47w785a, fr7vlw819atdf, ts27ovzrbexb1, vfqyrxqqtoesr