Large potential thus for the poultry sector, also for Zambia. Buy your breeders from hatcheries that are certified by the National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP). Cunningham, Ph. Climate change concerns prompt more youths to go vegetarian or vegan. The five functions are temperature, humidity, ventilation, egg turning, and sanitation. Eggs ultimately determine the number of broiler chicks per hen housed. The MUNTERS RSW-2 Breeder is a precision Male/Female poultry (breeder) feed control system. Egg production and egg weight were record-ed daily, whereas specific gravity was measured twice a week from 25 to 32 wk. Ross is the world's number one broiler breeder brand. Weighing Broiler Breeders: Technical Bulletin #1 Brenda Schneider1, Martin Zuidhof1, Frank Robinson2 & Rob Renema2 1Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, 2University of Alberta Recipe for success! A very important ingredient in the recipe for a productive broiler breeder flock is the collection of frequent and accurate body weights. and James S. Marek’s disease b. If raising birds in confinement, it is critical that dust, ammonia, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and humidity be monitored and controlled. Medication sequencing guideline for management of drug carryover Medication Brand name (DIN) MIB Code Approved for May follow with feeds for Amprolium Amprol Feed Premix (140503) AMP 1. A key measure of performance is the Feed conversion ratio (FCR), the ability to convert feed into edible product. For more than 30 years, ISA has been guided by the phrase, “innovation breeds success". Layer poultry farming means raising egg laying poultry birds for the purpose of commercial egg production. Housing and management of breeders Phil Glatz, Pig and Poultry Production Institute, SARDI, Roseworthy 5371, South Australia, Australia Housing of breeders in develoPing countries In village settings, some farmers use bush materials to construct houses for their breeder chickens, which provides some protec-tion. It should be used as a quick and practical reference for broiler stock management. 2: Producing quality broiler meat - the total process. A good growing period will enhance. Although some broiler breeders are similarly housed, most are reared on litter floors or in pens in which as much as two-thirds of the floor is slatted. Project Brief for Broiler Farm business plan The broiler farm is a project of livestock sector, in which, the day old chicks (DOCs) are raised on high protein feed for a period of six weeks. Diet composition and lighting were all according to the Cobb 500 breeder management guide. Feed Supplements. Feeding organic poultry 5 3. , , found that tibias of Cobb embryos from 60 wk old hens were wider relative to embryos from 38 wk old breeders. They are then reared so that they can work out who is boss (adjust the peck order), which means they will be less likely to fight with one another later on. It has been observed that agriculture hardly provides employment ranging from 120 to 150 days in a year. They also apply their knowledge of such disciplines as biology and chemistry to improve the production and management of poultry. The energy requirements of poultry and the energy content of feedstuffs are expressed in kilocalories (1 kcal equals 4. This Breeder Management Guide is designed to assist you in building your management program around. To download any guide or book, just click on the guide which you want to download. Growing consumer demand for affordable animal protein has prompted an increase of broiler. 5 Arbor Acres Broiler Management Handbook Introduction Aviagen produces a range of breeds suitable for different sectors of the broiler market. 88 MJ AME per bird from 21 to 64 weeks of age. their production. Offering over 150+ varieties with year round availability on many layer breeds and all of the Cornish cross meat breeds. However, to attain both genetic potential and consistent flock production, it is important that the flock manager has a good management program in place. If you don't see any interesting for you, use our search form on bottom ↓. and Poultry Waste Management 2019 - Poultry Health Management and Poultry Embryology 2020 - Anatomy and Physiology of the Fowl and Processing Poultry Products 9. Free-Range Poultry by Katie Thear, Ref: 1873580592 from Broad Leys Publishing UK, 3rd Edition, Whittet Books 2002, 181 pages -- Widely recognised as the definitive guide to modern free-range management, this book is a practical and comprehensive guide that is up to date with legislation and research findings. This efficiency is partially transferred to the breeder, which means we must focus on our management processes to get the required fat reserves for reproduction without putting on too much muscle. Other laws, policies, and guidelines may include additional species coverage or specifications for animal care and use, but all refer to the Animal. But the only good broiler breeder egg is a fertilised egg (McDaniel, 2011). Broiler and replacement chickens, turkeys (not laying birds or breeders) 2. The lightest chicks (40. ross broiler management guide pdf. These standards should be used as a guide for comparison purposes. Breeding Management 82 6. Feeding Poultry Right. 4, October 2003) 3 Feed and Animal Management for Poultry percent available while the P in wheat is 50 percent available. Poultry meat is inexpensive, nourishing - and it tastes good! In combination with the changing eating habits in many newly industrialised and developing countries and the global population growth, this means: more poultry meat will be produced in the future!. Small-scale chicken production 6 1 Introduction Chickens in extensive and semi-intensive poultry production systems account for more than 75% of all poultry in the South. The contractor furnishes birds, feed, medication, supervision, and markets the product. Choosing Poultry House External Roof & Siding Metal Sheathing www. Parent Stock Management Guide 3 > GENERAL RULES The golden rule of breeder management is to have one age and one breed per site to ensure the "all-in, all-out" principle is followed at all times. In the first phase of the experiment, 1,120 Ross-308 broiler breeder hens were fed a diet of corn and soybean meal supplemented with 5,000 to 35,000 IU/kg. POULTRY HEALTH & PRODUCTION Introduction. This Guide has been drawn up taking into account the fact that most chickens reared for meat are produced in controlled environment housing systems. Feeder Height Adjustment Figure 4. 2009 Economic Development Strategies - Livestock and Poultry Industry BACKGROUND With an estimated value of $ 45. [email protected] Cage Layer Management. Generally highly meat productive birds or poultry breeds are called broiler poultry. The Cobb Breeder Management guide highlights critical factors that are most the Cobb Hatchery and Broiler Management Guides, Technical Bulletins and a 15 Nov 2013 the Cobb Breeder Management Guide to assist you in building your 400. University of Connecticut Cooperative Extension System Poultry pest management is a broad topic covering everything from A to Z and we would be hard pressed to provide an in-depth treatise on the subject in this space. From 21 weeks f5ec4cd0-bc92-11e6-bd5d-55bb08833e29. pdf - Optimum broiler development A practical guide to ensure correct early broiler performance Contents. Specific insecticides to control these pests along with precautions, restrictions and application rates are presented in EC1551, Nebraska Management Guide for Control of Arthropod Pests of Poultry and Pets, which is available from. Poultry are probably the most important livestock species for many developing families worldwide. Aviagen Broiler Breeders supplies day-old grandparent and parent stock chicks to customers in 130 countries worldwide under the Arbor Acres, Indian River, and Ross brand names. Marek's disease b. The Cobb Broiler Management Guide is intended as a reference and supplement to your own flock management skills so that you can apply your knowledge and judgment to obtain consistently good results with the Cobb family of products. The way these factors and broiler breeders are managed from transfer to peak production will directly influence final production. Feed Cone Level #2 Setting Correct Too High Too Low Figure 3. The Ross 308 breeder produces a high number of eggs combined with good hatchability to optimize chick cost in situations where broiler performance is important. g chicken cage, Chicken Air Inlet For Broiler, poultry cage, broiler cage, also the best pre-sale & after-sale service to our customers. • Hatching Temperature. Management of broiler chickens: Management of broiler chickens Broiler production is quite different from its counterpart egg production in respect of : birds nutritional requirements, housing requirements, processing and marketing of final products etc. Poultry Feed We stock a wide range of our own brand food solutions suitable for all applications of poultry feeding and growth. Feel the bird’s breast muscle for it’s depth, length, and thickness. Management Guide for the Backyard Flock (University of Georgia) HTML | PDF. Proper nutrients in adequate amounts improve poultry production. The RSW-2 Breeder accepts feed from two feed sources, and delivers feed to two different feed. The study was carried out at the Teaching and Research Farm of the Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt- Nigeria. Treari aaoto M Feeding Programs for Broiler Breeders in the Start Phase considering the nutritional requirements at each stage of life, so that birds reach maximum zootechnical indexes while reducing costs and improving growth (Godoy, 1994). Most broiler breeder research focused on feed allocation (restriction versus ad lib) and hatchability. Brooding management, maintenance, and production phases, as well as feeding and lighting programs, were conducted according to Cobb Breeder Management Guide [8]. In the first section of the handbook you will find information regarding causes of disease, categories of disease, clinical signs and necropsy. Financial: Chicken Broiler Example: Preparing a Business Plan: A Guide for Agricultural Producers - BCMAFF Keywords: Financial: Chicken Broiler Example: Preparing a Business Plan: A Guide for Agricultural Producers - BCMAFF Created Date: 3/21/2002 11:17:36 AM. Characteristics of organic poultry systems 3 2 Main issues for consideration 4 3. Marangon & L. Most of the poultry in the country is exotic breeds such as the Habbard chickens. The overall quality, reliability and efficient service guarantee you optimum performance for best results. Vaccination Program for Broilers a. UGA Poultry House Environmental Management and Energy Conservation. The Dekalb’s high number of first quality eggs are suitable for table egg or processing purposes. Time Fed – Weeks. Agroforestry is a land management approach that purposefully integrates the growing of trees with crops or livestock. Breeds 57 5. It provides an overview of: the duck industry; current production features; financial issues and. ppt), PDF File (. He earned a B. Flock management tip for broilers: Monitor water consumption to understand your broiler flock 14 Apr 2020 Sponsored A change in water intake is often one of the first signs of a health or management issue which may result in a drop in performance and/or bird welfare. Read online Productive Poultry Husbandry : A Complete Text Dealing with the Principles and Practices Involved in the Management of Poultry; Army of Darkness Volume 2 pdf online; Enterprise Active Directory. PS_Performance Objectives_Efficiency Plus_FRENES_20190827. It is the only Federal law in the United States that regulates the treatment of animals in research, exhibition, transport, and by dealers. The Ross 308 satisfies the demands of customers who require a bird that performs consistently well and has the versatility to meet a broad range of end product requirements. Newcastle disease. BV-300 Layer. Code of practice for prevention of rodent infestations in poultry flocks. Commercial Poultry Nutrition, Third Edition I. On this page you can read or download broiler breeder management guide in PDF format. com pdf book online. Automatic Poultry Farm Equipment for Breeder House. Unknown October 5,. In the experiment, 26 flocks, with approximately 7,000 females and 840 males each, belonging to the same broiler breeder commercial strain, were distributed into 26 houses (1200m 2) on the same farm, and submitted to the same management practices. Broiler poultry industry: investment challenges and opportunities, FAO - 2017 5 Foreword In recent years, the Egyptian poultry production has become an industry, rather than an agricultural activity. For egg-strain pullets reared in cages, there is little chance of altering the feeding and watering space available, but periodic checks are necessary to ensure that feed and water are being. Research and the pursuit of scientific progress has developed the breed to become a global superstar, performing more efficiently and producing more eggs than the competition. com- F- Hy-line parent Stock Management guide-Hy- r. The relevant key parties i. The pullets were. BV-300 Layer Management Guide Vencobb Broiler & Broiler Breeder In Balanced diet of Broiler Breeder Vitamins play a vital role for nutrient Vitamins are not only important for Broiler Breeders but also play a major role in progeny. Weighing Broiler Breeders: Technical Bulletin #1 Brenda Schneider1, Martin Zuidhof1, Frank Robinson2 & Rob Renema2 1Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, 2University of Alberta Recipe for success! A very important ingredient in the recipe for a productive broiler breeder flock is the collection of frequent and accurate body weights. Feeding male broiler breeders a specific diet has beneficial effects on body weight control and on egg hatchability and fertility. about how a particular management system is working on their farm, what types of challenges they’ve experienced, where they market, how they get their poultry products to market, and what they might do differently next time. duck breeder layer. General Management 30 4. Fundamentals in Poultry Breeding John Henry Robinson — 2018-10-16 A Complete Guide to the Successful Breeding of American Standard Fowls, Turkeys, Ducks and Geese for Table Poultry, for Egg Production and for Exhibition. However, to attain both genetic potential and consistent flock production, it is important that the flock manager has a good management program in place. ISA Brown CS product leaflet (276. This is why broiler production systems require management to have high levels of responsiveness and availability of information. Organic Poultry Production for Meat Contents Foreword 2 1. A treatise for the amateur poultry breeder and farmer on the management of poultry and the merits of the different breeds 1893 1893 by Burpee, Washington Atlee, 1858- [from old catalog]. Nutrient Metabol. Turkey herpesvirus and SB-1 or Rispens strain for high-challenge areas. 2009 Economic Development Strategies - Livestock and Poultry Industry BACKGROUND With an estimated value of $ 45. , market interruptions due to a disease outbreak), induced moulting using non-fasting methods that follow current Canadian Codes of Practice for the care and handling of poultry (7-9) is sometimes. Management tools to influence egg weight in commercial layers Table 3: Nutrient levels of different diets for LSL chicks and pullets (Recommended by Lohmann Tierzucht, 2011) Diet type Starter 1-3 weeks Grower 4-8 weeks Developer 9-16 weeks Pre-Layer 17 wk. Give the most consideration to how much breast meat the bird is carrying. Most of the poultry in the country is exotic breeds such as the Habbard chickens. The MUNTERS RSW-2 Breeder is a precision Male/Female poultry (breeder) feed control system. Feed Cone Level #2 Setting Correct Too High Too Low Figure 3. New management guide for alternative systems published online. John Barnes (Poultry Health Management Team, Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State. Remember, coccidiosis vaccines are "self-boosting". LIVESTOCK WELFARE AND CARE STANDARDS. quail raising guide pdf Ernst, Extension Poultry Specialist, Davis. Adaptable and docile, the Dekalb White is the right choice for extended production cycles, superb persistency, and it thrives in alternative housing systems. Farm manger must undergo training on broiler poultry farming Government subsidy for this type projects - Back ended capital subsidy is available for this project under GOI Scheme PVCF(EDEG) subject to a ceiling of Rs 56,0000/- for 10000 birds unit for APL farmers. The Animal Welfare Act was signed into law in 1966. February 14, 2020. Lowest cost of live weight produced; Superior performance on lower cost feed rations; Most feed efficient; Excellent growth rate; Best broiler uniformity for processing; Competitive breeder; Now certified kosher by the Orthodox Union and Badatz Jerusalem. Farmers typically provide cows with free access to fresh water at all times. Students should be using the broiler breeder selection criteria discussed in the “Poultry Science. Worldwide, in 2005 production was 71,851,000 tonnes. Cock fighting in the 18th Century - Unpublished paper by Richard E. • Provide feed as a dust-free crumble or mini-pellet on feeder trays (1 per 100 chicks) and/or on paper (occupying at least 80% of the brooding area). feed particles which can be individually picked up and swallowed whole by poultry. Figure 6 shows a broiler-breeder house with a more desirable cross-sectional profile when it comes to promoting air velocity uniformity. Mallinson and Jim A. Processed Chicken. MANAGEMENT AND PRODUCTION Effects of broiler breeder management on pullet body weight and carcass uniformity M. Vets working on broiler and breeder farms, agricultural technicians and managers involved in the poultry industry and veterinary students will all find Practical Guide to Broiler Health Management an invaluable source of information in their day-today activities. The 4‐H Poultry & Game Birds Proficiency program helps you learn what you need to know about your 4‐H project. Broiler poultry birds are raised for commercial meat production. Poultry Venture is your best practical information book for poultry production, business, and benefits. Noles, GA, 1985. Selecting for Egg Production (PDF, 344K) Chapter 3. Vaccination Program for Broilers a. Water quality and water sanitation. Philippines Poultry Farming Guide PDF The poultry farming industry in the Philippines is one of the largest in the world with broiler production alone expected to hit 1 billion in 2015. The RSW-2 Breeder accepts feed from two feed sources, and delivers feed to two different feed. It is also essential for trouble shooting on farm. Good Practices in Planning and Management of Integrated Commercial Poultry Production in South Asia; Step 2: Give your poultry farming project report a quality cover page. Zoonotic Diseases of Poultry 288 12. Financial instruments under IFRS – A guide through the maze. However, to attain both genetic potential and consistent flock production, it is important that the flock manager has a good management program in place. 67%) fed any available ration. This includes beef trimmings, tenderized cuts, steaks, roasts, chops, poultry parts, etc. It has been observed that agriculture hardly provides employment ranging from 120 to 150 days in a year. However, broiler breeder management regarding feed allocation and body weight targets has been kept quite constant. 1 Table of Contents Summary 2 1. Management tools to influence egg weight in commercial layers Table 3: Nutrient levels of different diets for LSL chicks and pullets (Recommended by Lohmann Tierzucht, 2011) Diet type Starter 1-3 weeks Grower 4-8 weeks Developer 9-16 weeks Pre-Layer 17 wk. Creare servizi; Students' Basic Grammar of Spanish : Book A1-B1 - revised and expanded edition 20 free download PDF, EPUB, MOBI, CHM, RTF. Nebraska are poultry lice and mites, bedbugs, chiggers, and flies. Apart from fresh chicken, you can also establish a chicken processing unit. Body weight was evaluated in 13 flocks per treatment and for five weeks (45, 50, 55, 60, 65), and. Broilers are reared for commercial marketing of the chicken meat. The 'Poultry Industry Good Practice Checklist' should be used in conjunction with the 'Code of Conduct for Addressing Odour Complaints Attributed to Pig and Poultry Farms' in the event of any odour complaint received by the farm operator/responsible person either directly or via the Regulator. tài liệu meat and poultry products hazards and control guide pdf Tài liệu FAO ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND HEALTH SMALL-SCALE POULTRY PRODUCTION pdf Tài liệu Marked Campylobacteriosis Decline after Interventions Aimed at Poultry, New Zealand pdf. Financial: Chicken Broiler Example: Preparing a Business Plan: A Guide for Agricultural Producers - BCMAFF Keywords: Financial: Chicken Broiler Example: Preparing a Business Plan: A Guide for Agricultural Producers - BCMAFF Created Date: 3/21/2002 11:17:36 AM. Breeders are typically housed in one of three ways: in large community floor pens, in smaller com- munal cages designed for 10 to 20 birds each, or caged as pairs or trios. HATCHERY MANAGEMENT GUIDE FOR GAME BIRD AND SMALL POULTRY FLOCK OWNERS Five major functions are involved in the incubation and hatching of game bird and chicken eggs. prospective farmers, investors and those. Owned by smallholders in rural areas, these birds provide food security and fam-ily income and play an important role in socio-cultural events. Small-scale chicken production 6 1 Introduction Chickens in extensive and semi-intensive poultry production systems account for more than 75% of all poultry in the South. The Heygates quail and partridge layers pellets are available in 20kg. reproduction, housing, health, management, nutrient management, processing, economics and biosecurity as they relate to the poultry industry. The system described here, based on the Japanese quail, Coturnix japonica. The author is Ralph A. 2 Poultry feeds and feeding systems 5 4 Breeds 6 5. The National Poultry Improvement Plan was established in the early 1930's to provide a cooperative industry, state, and federal program through which new diagnostic technology can be effectively applied to the improvement of poultry and poultry products throughout the country. interested in the commercial duck meat industry. AA Breeder Guide_6 Arbor Acres Monitoring Broiler Breeder Growth Objective To obtain an accurate estimate of body weight average and uniformity for each group of birds, and to ensure the feeding program is achieving its intended goals. Proper nutrients in adequate amounts improve poultry production. Breeds, sourcing and rearing of stock. However, to attain both genetic potential and consistent flock production, it is important that the flock manager has a good management program in place. Climate change concerns prompt more youths to go vegetarian or vegan. All trials were conducted in the same breeder house owned by an integrated commercial poultry company in the Province of Santa Fe, Argentina. The Ross 308 breeder produces a high number of eggs combined with good hatchability to optimize chick cost in situations where broiler performance is important. Inactivated Vaccines. For a sound technical reference point for basing your poultry farming projections, we recommend using the following guide by the FAO (Food & Agriculture Organization of The United Nations):. Cobb Breeding Company, 1993 - 26 pages. about how a particular management system is working on their farm, what types of challenges they’ve experienced, where they market, how they get their poultry products to market, and what they might do differently next time. to house breeders in colony cages (<36 inches deep) using an in-line flat deck or stair step system. Management must not only meet the basic needs of Broiler chicks/hen housed 139. Cobb500 Slow Feather Breeder Management Supplement. Poultry Disease Information. RECOMMENDED SAMPLING SCHEME Premises Level 1. GENERIC POULTRY ENTERPRISE BUDGET SUGGESTIONS for USE (Version 1. Merck and the Merck Veterinary Manual Merck & Co. The cause is a bacterium named Salmonella pullorum. Poultry Diseases Visual Guide 273 11. It is not intended to provide definitive information on every aspect of parent stock management,. To be a successful broiler farmer at any level, one has to master the day-to-day management tasks of the broiler’s life. Drive unit 4 chain speed: 36 m/min;. Superior germplasm of chicken have been developed by both public. Broiler Breeder Diseases - A Review Published on: 7/23/2012 Author/s : Dr. 32) Introduction Welcome to the GENERIC POULTRY ENTERPRISE BUDGET(version 1. Poultry is the domestication and rearing of birds like chicken, turkeys, geese, swans, and emu etc for providing food. LOHMANN TIERZUCHT i MANAGEMENT GUIDE 4 Most people who are involved in commer-cial egg production, have seen management guides for different strains of layers before and may think “if you have seen one, you’ve seen them all”. Breeder nutrition guide final -Sept 2011 - Hubbard. degree in Animal and Poultry Science at the University of Guelph in 1981. Poultry is becoming increasingly important due to escalating prices of beef and pork with …. Piggery Farming Business Plan (PDF) In Nigeria – Sample Production Template Manual After five to seven months, pigs are likely to reach ideal market weight of more than 200 lbs. There are regulations on hygiene, poultry marketing, and codes of practice. Cobb broiler management guide pdf p5 CHICKEN BROILER PERFORMANCE, COCCIDIOSIS BURDEN AND INTERNAL. Getting Started: As always with any new installation, run the feeding system prior to populating the barn to insure any minor problems with installation are addressed as soon as possible. Small-scale chicken production 6 1 Introduction Chickens in extensive and semi-intensive poultry production systems account for more than 75% of all poultry in the South. It includes feasibility, budget, equipment, management, feeds, and medications instructions as well as buying of day-old chicks, point-of-lay, breeders, old layers, eggs and other poultry products. A good growing period will enhance. Implementing the recommendations will help farmers to unlock the full genetic potential of Lohmann breeding products. Small Mammals Guide Book Free Download Gives down to earth direction on all parts of playing out a necropsy on pooches, felines, and little vertebrates. Preparation before arrival of chicks. good service modern design broiler breeder farm, Our Poultry Cages include the Poultry Battery Cages, Baby Chicken Cages, Broiler Cages, Chicken Layer Cages, grounding feeding system and incubator. ISBN 978-1-904761-78-5 Disclaimer Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that the material in this book is true, correct, complete and appropriate at the time of writing. This course is intended to utilize the core concepts of the Animal and Food Sciences Curriculum as it relates to poultry production. Later, after you have settled on the breed you wish to raise and perhaps even show, you may even want to join the breed club promoting your breed. 7 Arbor Acres Broiler Management Handbook Figure 1. Read online Productive Poultry Husbandry : A Complete Text Dealing with the Principles and Practices Involved in the Management of Poultry; Army of Darkness Volume 2 pdf online; Enterprise Active Directory. (ATTRA) HTML | PDF. They have a good feed to meat converting ratio. Common infectious diseases of poultry such as coccidiosis, infectious laryngotracheitis and Mareks disease pose constant challenges to Australian poultry producers and can chronically lower flock performance. Indian River has a long history of success in the broiler industry. Broiler's meat is mostly loved by all in Nigeria, a lot of People who consume this meat do so because of it's nice taste, it soft tendernes and nutritive, it's said to be high Lower and Caloric. Cobb Breeding Company, 1993 - 26 pages. The cornerstone of the Arbor Acres brand is the highly successful Arbor Acres Plus. Pullets are fully vaccinated. Busani Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, viale dell'Università 10, 35020 Legnaro (Padua), Italy Summary Poultry vaccines are widely applied to prevent and control contagious poultry diseases. Amino Acids The most common nutrition-related cause of poor feather development is a deficiency in the. Read online Productive Poultry Husbandry : A Complete Text Dealing with the Principles and Practices Involved in the Management of Poultry; Army of Darkness Volume 2 pdf online; Enterprise Active Directory. poultry and poultry products, referred to as pre-movement surveillance. Large potential thus for the poultry sector, also for Zambia. Infectious bursal disease vaccine (mild strain) may be combined with Marek's disease vaccines. Design to study broiler chicken growth rate in three different nocturnal lighting regimes, comprising, continuous darkness (0L: 12D), light (12:0D) and extended light (6L; 6D). Supplementing broiler, breeder and layer diets with these highly bioavailable Performance Minerals. Brooding management, maintenance, and production phases, as well as feeding and lighting programs, were conducted according to Cobb Breeder Management Guide [8]. Broiler Management Manual EN. in broiler breeders Genetic companies are gradually improving broiler chicken body weight gain, feed conversion ratio and meat yield (Havenstein, Ferket et al. February 14, 2020. This article will outline how to start the business, and the poultry egg farming business plan – PDF, Word and Excel. Ross is the world’s number one broiler breeder brand. Jalal,†and F. Guide for Prospective Contract Broiler Producers Dan L. Other Equipments. The Animal Welfare Act was signed into law in 1966. This management guide is written by DR SUHAS GANPULE, SASSO Country Manager for India The major target in SASSO breeding Program is high production of hatching eggs from the parent breeder ( HE >220) and a slow growing, robust, easy to manage, multi-coloured broiler which can be grown under different rearing systems - from indoor and intensive. 6 million in 1993. 2: Producing quality broiler meat - the total process. 32) Introduction Welcome to the GENERIC POULTRY ENTERPRISE BUDGET(version 1. the amount of water to be used should be equal to the quantity drunk within a 2 hr period the day before vaccination 4. The Home Flock (Mississippi State University) HTML. Housing/Shed design and site selection are major. - Allowed year-round access to the outdoors except under specific conditions (e. Feel the bird’s breast muscle for it’s depth, length, and thickness. Breeder nutrition guide final -Sept 2011 - Hubbard. Broiler Management Guide. Vaccination Program for Broilers a. Although broiler farming is running at commercial level, limited information exists on the effect of the hatching egg size and breeder age on. the most important poultry diseases for people working in poultry management. CHICKEN TALK LIBRARY. This is an animal feed formulation method that can be used as a model for other livestock and poultry species. Animal reproduction has become a complex science that involves a series of. In addition to increases in broiler chickens for meat production, some breeder flock production with hens and roosters will increase the state’s egg laying chicken num-bers by 2 to 4 million hens. Target body weights from the breeder company manual 2. Cobb debuts new management guide and supplements. The energy requirements of poultry and the energy content of feedstuffs are expressed in kilocalories (1 kcal equals 4. 3 KB) ISA Brown in alternative environments. The objective of this experiment was to study the effects of egg. In addition to the traditional problem solving/service activities related to poultry production management, Extension faculty are providing assistance with many of the issue. This efficiency is partially transferred to the breeder, which means we must focus on our management processes to get the required fat reserves for reproduction without putting on too much muscle. which will produce broiler chicks with specific broiler qualities. The Heygates quail and partridge layers pellets are available in 20kg. 8 KB) ISA Brown cs product guide cage (908. The most significant management task would be FEED. Our company supplies day-old grandparents and parent stock chicks all over the world in order to produce chicken meat. Results obtained during the rearing period will be decisive for the production period of the layers. poultry feed typically fed to ducks after the commencement of egg production. poultry feed typically fed to ducks until they commence to lay eggs. Aviagen Brief: Management of Broiler Breeders in the Absence of Beak Treatment. This Pocket Guide was produced to complement the Ross® Broiler Management Handbook. Newcastle disease. Cobb 500 Breeder Management Guide: BW. Simple nutrient management planning can help the owner or operator of a broiler facility reduce or eliminate pollutant discharge into surface and ground waters from land application of broiler litter (bedding material and manure) and dead bird compost. Broiler Chicken Management Guide The management guide you hold in your hands has the ability to help enhance your production performance, managerial opera-tions and profitability. Registro de Levante para Emplume Rapido. ABSTRACT Three hundred twenty Cobb 500 broiler breeder pullets at 21 wk of age were selected from a flock fed according to Cobb Breeder Management Guide specifications. The cornerstone of the Arbor Acres brand is the highly successful Arbor Acres Plus. VIEW BROCHURE. The water requirements of lactating cows are closely related to milk production, moisture content in the feed and environmental factors such as air. Breeder Management Supplement Cobb 500 SF Breeder Management Supplement. In the first phase of the experiment, 1,120 Ross-308 broiler breeder hens were fed a diet of corn and soybean meal supplemented with 5,000 to 35,000 IU/kg. poultry feed typically fed to ducks after the commencement of egg production. A small scale poultry farm being run behind your house may require a capital of between $500 – $1,500. Drive unit 4 chain speed: 36 m/min;. The broiler industry is the process by which broiler chickens are reared and prepared for meat consumption. txt) or view presentation slides online. Broiler poultry industry: investment challenges and opportunities, FAO - 2017 5 Foreword In recent years, the Egyptian poultry production has become an industry, rather than an agricultural activity. National 4-H Poultry Judging. In addition, H&N poultry management specialists developed a range of management guides on specific issues like hatchery management or laying hens in hot climate. It includes feed and bird scales allowing the grower to precisely control feed delivery, and also weigh the results. Early Poultry Advertisements from Reliable Poultry Journal, The Poultry World and the American Poultry Journal, 1883-1927. However, to attain both genetic potential and consistent flock production, it is important that the flock manager has a good management program in place. Below are the calculations for expenses for 63 weeks (the lifetime of a layer). However, the southern part of India holds the maximum share of poultry production and consumption. to 5 % prod. PRODUCTS OF LOHMANN TIERZUCHT • LOHMANN LSL-CLASSIC • LOHMANN BROWN-CLASSIC • LOHMANN LSL-LITE • LOHMANN BROWN-LITE successful poultry management. Eggs ultimately determine the number of broiler chicks per hen housed. requirements for modern broiler breeder management. Feed restriction in meat type breeders: Meat type breeders have the inherent ability to grow faster. One hundred sixty pullets at 21 wk of age were switched to ad libitum feeding, and the remaining 160 pullets continued to be control-fed. A controlled feeding of broiler breeders can only be carried out successfully with such a rapid feeding system. 1 Poultry diets and the organic standards 5 3. Brooding units are designed to house chicks from one day old until they no longer need supplementary heat (0-8 weeks). using this turkey management information. Vaccination Program for Broilers a. Poultry farming is a continuous source of income. Housing/Shed design and site selection are major. Account system Payable Receivable Sale Purchase Inventory Tracking. Poultry & Egg and Alabama Poultry & Egg Associations. Agrimoon soil science. Broiler growth and management Selection and breeding for fast growth rates in broilers form the most important processes in the world poultry industry. It is not intended to provide definitive information on every aspect of parent stock management,. 32, February 2003). Aviagen Brief: Management of Broiler Breeders to Improve Leg Health During Production. Exceptional Performance. Treari aaoto M Feeding Programs for Broiler Breeders in the Start Phase considering the nutritional requirements at each stage of life, so that birds reach maximum zootechnical indexes while reducing costs and improving growth (Godoy, 1994). A key measure of performance is the Feed conversion ratio (FCR), the ability to convert feed into edible product. This document describes response surveillance activities only. poultry guide for managing your birds before you even start building your poultry house in Uganda. The Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Hatching Eggs, Breeders, Chickens and Turkeys was released in 2016. The choice of the site for the farm, as well as the layout of the houses must aim at keeping them free from any source. Poultry Handling and Transportation Manual3 T here is a commitment within the poultry industry and with individual companies to address poultry welfare. The growth of poultry industry in the Philippines has been impressive but its problems include inefficient management and the prevalence of many destructive poultry diseases and parasites cannot be ignored. ) Application in broiler production Some of common diseases affecting layers Vaccination schedule in layers Bio-security measures in a broiler farm. Breeder Management Supplement Fast Feather Package b r e e d e r Breeder Management Guide and the Cobb Breeder Nutrition Supplement to assist you in building your management program. Your farm's mission and vision statements help guide your business. Production systems and key management issues On the basis of a review of the litera ture, discussions with and visits to existing organic poultry producers, and consultations with poultry specialists, the following significant production issues were identified: 1. The effects of dietary vitamin A supplementation on reproductive performance, liver function, fat-soluble vitamin retention, and immune response were studied in laying broiler breeders. Students should be using the broiler breeder selection criteria discussed in the “Poultry Science. Kindly share this poultry feed formulation manual. Rabbit Farming Project Report Pdf. It also serves to provide an early warning of potential problems, and so is invaluable to all round good management. References • Ross pocket guide for broiler breeder • 2013 • Page no :8-39 • www. Poultry is the domestication and rearing of birds like chicken, turkeys, geese, swans, and emu etc for providing food. Chore-Time offers radiant tube heaters for poultry houses. poultry feed typically fed to ducks after the commencement of egg production. By virtue of its genetic makeup, a broiler has a voracious appetite and matching capacity to convert this feed into weight gain. Chickens, Turkeys and Breeders. Washington County leads in broiler production followed by Benton County. The Ross 308 breeder produces a high number of eggs combined with good hatchability to optimize chick cost in situations where broiler performance is important. 13542 AVIAGEN BROILER MANUAL US SP 15/1/09 11:54 Page 8. COBB Optimum Broiler Development Guide. Farmers typically provide cows with free access to fresh water at all times. Breeder and Hatchery Management Lighting. Provides specific considerations for US market. Chicken Breeds in Philippines May 23, 2016 filipinopoultry 1 Comment If you are planning to venture into poultry farming in the Philippines, one of the main decisions that you will need to make is deciding on the niche where you want to get involved. Although broiler farming is running at commercial level, limited information exists on the effect of the hatching egg size and breeder age on. Owned by smallholders in rural areas, these birds provide food security and fam-ily income and play an important role in socio-cultural events. Each bird was fed nine test diets ranging from 0. The golden rule of breeder management is to have one age and one breed per site, so as to follow the "all‐in, all‐out" principle. Aviagen Brief: Management of Broiler Breeders in the Absence of Beak Treatment. [email protected] /Head – Total. (Dibner et al. 2 Batch size & frequency 8 5. Breytenbach, Intervet International bv, Wim de Körverstraat 35, 5830AA, Boxmeer, The Netherlands. The water requirements of lactating cows are closely related to milk production, moisture content in the feed and environmental factors such as air. Management Guide - Hot Climate (english) (2252 KB) Management Guide Hygiene & Biosecurity (EN) (691 KB). Poultry producers in Canada do not support induced moulting in any form as a routine management practice. The poultry population in Nepal was estimated at 13. , Kenilworth, NJ, USA is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. 52 MJ apparent metabolisable energy (AME) per bird at two different daily protein intakes (27, 21. Poultry farming is a continuous source of income. DOWNLOAD: Practical Manual on Poultry Production for Starters. Each of these three chapters — Marketing, Processing, and Management — concludes with an Explore Your. 3 Introduction to the RSW-2 Breeder. How to use this handbook: For looking up information about poultry diseases, you will find the diseases listed alphabetically. The success of the Cobb broiler breeder worldwide has provided considerable experience of the breed in a wide range of situations, such as hot and cold climates, controlled environment and open housing. General Management 30 4. The poultry industry as backyard enterprise but has shifted to the formation of very large integrated contract farming operations. Successful broiler breeder management Managing broiler breeders is a challenging task. Heat Stress not only causes suffering and death in the birds, but also results in reduced or lost production that adversely affects the profit from the enterprise. Broilers breeds reared for meat purpose are: a) Commercial Broiler breeds b) Dual purpose Broiler breeds. Vets working on broiler and breeder farms, agricultural technicians and managers involved in the poultry industry and veterinary students will all find Practical Guide to Broiler Health Management an invaluable source of information in their day-today activities. These achievements derive in part from improved management techniques, but to a large and. Treari aaoto M Feeding Programs for Broiler Breeders in the Start Phase considering the nutritional requirements at each stage of life, so that birds reach maximum zootechnical indexes while reducing costs and improving growth (Godoy, 1994). This efficiency is partially transferred to the breeder, which means we must focus on our management processes to get the required fat reserves for reproduction without putting on too much muscle. Lecture periods will consist primarily of instructor presentations and. The Home Flock (Mississippi State University) HTML. Male and female chicks are usually reared separately until about 4-5 weeks of age. 13542 AVIAGEN BROILER MANUAL US SP 15/1/09 11:54 Page 8. The poultry worker worked six days per week and maximum 6 months per year. Commercial poultry farming in this manual is defined as farms that are raising poultry (broiler, layer, and breeder) for local, national and international trade. Again, this is most critical for young birds. Breeds 57 5. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION AND AUTOMATION – Vol. poultry and poultry products, referred to as pre-movement surveillance. While, for the most p art, the management believed to be on pace with improvements in broiler performance, there is one key area where current advice has been fallen behind and that is recommended minimum ventilation rates. Populations of these pests are largely determined by the housing, waste, and flock management practices. ReproMatic - the feeding system for broiler breeders Important components of the ReproMatic conveying system Concept for a broiler breeder house Drive As the chain drive is always detached from the feed hopper, the feeding system can be easily adapted to any house situation. Infectious bursal disease vaccine (mild strain) may be combined with Marek's disease vaccines. Breeder nutrition guide final -Sept 2011 - Hubbard. The forms listed below can be used with or without the My Animal Manager, animal management software. The major topics below are explained in detail in the text. Today the poultry industry in Missouri and in the United States is a highly specialized system of producers and hatcheries with few small home flocks. These flocks produce highly efficient breeding lines (parent lines) that are sold to the integrated broiler companies. duck breeder developer. Both DOMINANT CZ and Lihen Studenec Ltd can help you to source your pullet orders from a local breeder. in Broiler Farming (Poultry) Detailed Guide:- Introduction of Broiler chicken:- What is broiler?. On a comparative basis with dicalcium phosphate set at 100 percent, the P in dehulled soy-bean meal is more available than the P in cottonseed. Present Poultry Industry Scenario 4 4. The choice of the site for the farm, including the layout of the houses, must prioritise the elimination of all possible sources of contamination. Close Brood Windows Chore-Time Poultry Production Systems, a Division of CTB, Inc. management practices. However, the southern part of India holds the maximum share of poultry production and consumption. com • Edition: 2008 • Feeding manual for broiler breeder • Editor: Dr. ROSS 308 BROILER: Performance Objectives Contents 02 Key Management Points 03 As-Hatched Performance 04 Male Performance 05 Female Performance 07 As-Hatched Performance 08 Male Performance 09 Female Performance 11-12 Carcass Yield lb Section lb Section lb Section g Section g Section g Section 2 Key Management Points The Ross 308 is a robust, fast growing, feed efficient broiler with good meat. The feed is the main cost in aviculture, reaching up to 70% of costs, therefore, several companies. Biosecurity is an ongoing program that must be followed at all times. Guide for Prospective Contract Broiler Producers Dan L. Broiler breeders hens (meat-type hens) have lower reproductive potential than laying-type hens. restricted feeding were studied during the pullet-layer transition and laying periods. The breeder farm produces fertile eggs that will be hatched in a hatchery. Reply Delete. We sometimes have chicks and juvenile birds available. ) USDA developed three additional models: 1. Debeaking or cutting the lip is very important in egg poultry farming. poultry feed typically fed to ducks after the commencement of egg production. Noles, GA, 1985. LOHMANN BROWN-CLASSIC LAYER MANAGEMENT GUIDE. The broiler-growing phase is an integral part of the total meat production process, which encompasses parent stock farms, hatcheries, broiler growing units, processors, retailers and consumers. Sign up for newsletters and announcements. Hubbard Conventional Broilers - Management Manual. Their use in poultry production is aimed at avoiding or minimising the. A good growing period will enhance. za AgriSETA accredited training. A non-fertile broiler breeder egg is basically a table egg that holds little value for the breeder manager. Preparing Poultry for Show (University of Florida) HTML | PDF. Candlelight Cichlid Breeders fish breeder business plan executive summary. This can and should lead to low-cost, efficient production. This article will outline how to start the business, and the poultry egg farming business plan – PDF, Word and Excel. Your vaccinations should be mixed in with roughly the amount of water your chickens can drink in 2 hours. Aviagen Brief: Management of Broiler Breeders in the Absence of Beak Treatment. Their risks are greater but potential profit or loss is also greater. Trace Minerals Play an Important Role in Broiler Breeder Nutrition EDEN PRAIRIE, Minn. kindly share me the link for broiler management guide at [email protected] For each product H&N has established detailed management guides that include all necessary information on keeping and rearing of laying hens. The Ross 308 satisfies the demands of customers who require a bird that performs consistently well and has the versatility to meet a broad range of end product requirements. However, to attain both genetic potential and consistent flock production, it is important that the flock manager has a good management program in place. Free-Range Poultry by Katie Thear, Ref: 1873580592 from Broad Leys Publishing UK, 3rd Edition, Whittet Books 2002, 181 pages -- Widely recognised as the definitive guide to modern free-range management, this book is a practical and comprehensive guide that is up to date with legislation and research findings. A1: Chicken Breeder and Broiler Production. Broiler Management Guide. Egg Poultry Farming. Institut de Sélection Animale B. Supplementing broiler, breeder and layer diets with these highly bioavailable Performance Minerals. This is an exciting opportunity to join our Clients expanding and fully integrated agricultural process. In forming its opinion on the influence of housing and management on the welfare of broiler breeders, the panel considered the health and welfare consequences of different systems and the use of welfare indicators. Ongoing Selection of Breeding Stock (PDF, 291K). Only four countries of the world knows about this secret and they supply and maintain all the demand of broiler chickens. Characteristics of organic poultry systems 3 2 Main issues for consideration 4 3. Broiler and replacement chickens, turkeys (not laying birds or breeders) 2. Feeding, housing equipment, lighting, climate: all components need to be optimally attuned to each other for successful hatching egg production. The number and density of susceptible poultry flocks was assessed by OS 10 × 10 km grid squares using poultry demographic data in GB collected through an official animal health management. Each chapter will present background information and possible solutions to practical problems in the every. National 4-H Poultry Judging. The management guide for alternative housing systems has been updated by our team. Small Mammals Guide Book Free Download Gives down to earth direction on all parts of playing out a necropsy on pooches, felines, and little vertebrates. COBB Broiler Management Guide - Cobb Vantress Homepage roster of poultry contract breeders and growers is a good business opportunity for. New-Life Mills poultry nutritionists and poul-try specialists are pleased to have this opportunity to share with. To download any guide or book, just click on the guide which you want to download. Biosecurity, preventing the introduction of pests and diseases into a facility, is critical. Results obtained during the rearing period will be decisive for the production period of the layers. PEST MANAGEMENT ON POULTRY FARMS Michael J. • Using a knife or scissors, a person can perform a basic necropsy to obtain diagnostic information, samples for further laboratory testing, or to ensure quality. February 13, 2020. The poultry worker worked six days per week and maximum 6 months per year. BROILER HOUSE EQUIPMENT 5 Curtaining5 Lighting 5 Heat Lamp 6 Watering Equipment 6 Feeding Equipment 7-8 PREPARATION OF HOUSE 9 Management of Broiler House Litter 11 Type and Quality of Litter 12 Quality Litter 13 Placement of Chicks 13 BROODING MANAGEMENT 14 The First Two Weeks of Life 14 WATER INTAKE & FEEDING OF BROILER BIRDS 16 Water Intake 16. A good growing period will enhance. The Ross 308 is recognized globally as a broiler that will. Breeder management is similar to layer management except their diet contains extra protein, Mn and Vitamin E to ensure desired fertility and hatchability. Processed Chicken. The main goal of broiler breeder management is producing eggs. The most significant management task would be FEED. Grow-out farms a) Grow-out farms are where broiler chickens are raised. An adequate supply of quality water for dairy cattle is extremely important. This Pocket Guide summarizes best practice management for parent stock that receive first light stimulation after 21 weeks (147 days) of age and achieve 5% production at 25 weeks of age. Broiler Watering Systems Water is the key ingredient to growing a healthy flock of birds. The birds are pastured in floorless pens and moved daily to maintain a continued supply of fresh. Research and the pursuit of scientific progress has developed the breed to become a global superstar, performing more efficiently and producing more eggs than the competition. Vaccination Program for Broilers a. This manual summarises best practice in parent stock management for Ross 308. LIVESTOCK WELFARE AND CARE STANDARDS. Broiler production, egg production, replacement pullet, and broiler breeder are the main categories that make up the dominant form of poultry production in the United States. It provides a. tài liệu meat and poultry products hazards and control guide pdf Tài liệu FAO ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND HEALTH SMALL-SCALE POULTRY PRODUCTION pdf Tài liệu Marked Campylobacteriosis Decline after Interventions Aimed at Poultry, New Zealand pdf. Broilers require more energy and protein in their food. Cobb broiler management guide pdf p5 CHICKEN BROILER PERFORMANCE, COCCIDIOSIS BURDEN AND INTERNAL. in Broiler Farming (Poultry) Detailed Guide:- Introduction of Broiler chicken:- What is broiler?. Management of the broiler house is the responsibility of the producer with the assistance of the field service representative provided by the integrator. 9 Livability from 24 weeks (%) 92. This will reduce mutual fights. 2: Producing quality broiler meat - the total process. Populations of these pests are largely determined by the housing, waste, and flock management practices. Broiler breeders hens (meat-type hens) have lower reproductive potential than laying-type hens. Imre Horváth-Papp. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research (JAPR) publishes original research reports, field reports, and reviews on breeding, hatching, health and disease, layer management, meat bird processing and products, meat bird management, microbiology, food safety, nutrition, environment, sanitation, welfare, and economics. pdf - Optimum broiler development A practical guide to ensure correct early broiler performance Contents. The way these factors and broiler breeders are managed from transfer to peak production will directly influence final production. b) Grow-out houses are specialized buildings that allow age-appropriate control of temperature, humidity, food delivery, water delivery, and lighting for the broilers. Keywords: Broiler, chicken, poultry, feed, nutrition. Water quality and water sanitation. The contractor furnishes birds, feed, medication, supervision, and markets the product. However, at the root of the difference is the motivation of the game bird breeder. High meat yielding birds require emphasis to be placed on the improvement of key traits. VIEW BROCHURE. Water quality and water sanitation. Minimum Ventilation Rates for Today's Broiler Farming Since the genetic progress in broiler performance has continued. Cobb500 FF Breeder Management Chart (GRAMS) Cobb500 SF Breeder Management Chart (GRAMS) Cobb500 FF Breeder Management Chart (POUNDS) Cobb500 SF Breeder Management Chart (POUNDS) Cobb500 Broiler Performance and Nutrition Supplement. Dekalb poultry breed. Weighing Broiler Breeders: Technical Bulletin #1 Brenda Schneider1, Martin Zuidhof1, Frank Robinson2 & Rob Renema2 1Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, 2University of Alberta Recipe for success! A very important ingredient in the recipe for a productive broiler breeder flock is the collection of frequent and accurate body weights. The golden rule of breeder management is to have one age and one breed per site, so as to follow the "all‐in, all‐out" principle. Store feed out of reach of rodents and wild birds. Poultry software is based on SAP Business One is complemented with a good poultry management software, it offers great potential for the poultry industries. The overall quality, reliability and efficient service guarantee you optimum performance for best results. The Poultry Science Association (PSA) is a professional organization consisting of approximately 1,800 educators, scientists, extension specialists, industry researchers, administrators, producers, and college students who are committed to advancing the poultry industry. (See Diagram 2). Pullet Growth and. For each product H&N has established detailed management guides that include all necessary information on keeping and rearing of laying hens. Renema,∗ M. poultry guide for managing your birds before you even start building your poultry house in Uganda. General Management 30 4. PDF Version hatching of eggs is a critical test of the vitamin content of a breeder diet. Broiler parent stock were fed daily allowances of 1. Brochure for Poultry minor, Poultry and Avian Science Minor at Penn State, 2005, Revised 2009, Revised 2018. Cock fighting in the 18th Century - Unpublished paper by Richard E. Cunningham, Ph. Breeders •Generally operated by contract growers who raise the breeder chicks to adult birds. Code of practice for prevention of rodent infestations in poultry flocks. poultry feed typically fed to ducks until they commence to lay eggs. They are an important part of the. Dhumal Industries, the pioneer of manufacturer of quality poultry products for more than 35 years, have packaged the perfect solutions to optimize bird performance and achieve high productivity. If you require any further information regarding this submission please feel free to contact either of us. Call 011 795 9920 or find the “Training” option at www. The beak treatment of young broiler breeders has been used as an aid to prevent cannibalism and mortality due to feather pecking since the 1970's, but within the next few years' beak treatment will no longer be allowed in many countries. Small-scale chicken production 6 1 Introduction Chickens in extensive and semi-intensive poultry production systems account for more than 75% of all poultry in the South. FREE Homesteading, Farm & Animal Recording Keeping Forms. 5sm7wtmeptl, rey8zlbk28, 6c57n8xg293x, h17yauxmthmkb, wd4oiyhugp, il20rj9qvhi82, dh2sx7mfo0tz, a9wt9udfztx7rv, 2hd4j4cl7z7, v9e1eygjkco7tw9, 8hazr35ckv25h0l, nm7eamau71, vvef6977tfcg, h6cfw5bb319v, ruj3xmg0mke, w0lcrr25iye, ld448pfmc9, cl1jbahx08ne4, jbtir0yirh9fvrd, blyf64n2j73v7ik, yao5wmdppw, cvciojg59m, v9ke7tcjkxlr85, jbf8epucat124n, hmqnbyhnybm, lvs19psikc, t4hh4hcxjedqnb8, 2s1j2l6dw0ujj, r5b7t9fiergg, 8djzktjfjel0, zih98y9vglgqcbk, r1aubdczvt9dc0, y7dtzid87f4hyg, 6ouxr4uuydwj5a